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PALcarbon

About Instruments

A market is a grouping of related carbon instruments, usually for a given country, region or sector.

Instruments are named <region> <sector> <fuel type>, for example GB EG Coal.

Region is usually the country two letter ISO code.

Sector codes are as follows -

About Prices

A dollar price is listed for each instrument, as is a green/red percentage increase/decrease in price over the last 24 hours.

Tap on an instrument to reveal the open, high, low and close price. Current energy output, carbon emissions and carbon intensity are shown also.

Prices are updated intraday in conjunction with availability of latest global temperature anomaly (TA) data.

About Charts

Tap on the chart button to reveal a chart showing price movements for the last 24 hours.

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What is PALcarbon?


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* US Example Prices are taken from the book, The Price of Carbon.




Visit our website to find out more about PALcarbon at predictability.ltd.uk
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Analysis

Global Indices


Carbon Balance Sheet
Carbon Maps & Charts
Carbon Markets *
Emission Factors

* Real-time price views can be switched on/off in settings.

About Analysis

Global Indices include spot and future carbon prices.

Both Global Indices and Live Price markets are updated intraday.

Real-time price views can be switched on/off in settings. Close

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Maps & Charts

Emission Maps

Carbon Intensity Map Emission Rates Map

Emission Charts

Emissions by Sector Emissions by Country Emissions by Fuel Type

Fuel Charts

Fuel Usage by Sector Fuel Usage by Country Fuel Usage by Type

Energy Charts

Energy Usage by Sector Energy Usage by Country Energy Usage by Fuel Type

About Maps

The Carbon Intensity map shows carbon intensity values for specific countries. Carbon Intensity is a measure of the average amount of CO2 emitted for each MWh of energy produced.

Countries using a high proportion of fuel types with a high CO2 intensity such as coal, will have a higher overall carbon intensity value.

The Emission Rates map shows the total amount of CO2 emitted per year for specific countries.

About Charts

The Carbon Emissions charts show the proportion of CO2 emitted arising from fuel consumption. Charts are by sector, country and fuel type.

The Fuel Usage charts show the proportion of fuel consumption by sector, country and fuel type. Fuel usage is measured in ktoe/y (thousand tons of oil equivalent per year).

The Energy Usage charts show the proportion of electricity and heat consumed by sector, country and fuel type. Energy usage is measured in GW (gigawatt).

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About Markets

A market is a grouping of related carbon instruments, usually for a given country, region or sector.

Markets are grouped into views, usually by sector, for example electricity generation.

Markets may be sorted alphabetically, or in decreasing order of carbon intensity.

Carbon Intensity provides a comparative per country emission rate based fuel type usage. It is expressed in terms of tonnes of CO2 emitted per megawatt hour of energy consumed (tCO2/MWh).

For example the larger the proportion of dirty fuel types used, such as coal, the higher the carbon intensity. Conversely the larger the proportion of clean fuel types used, such as solar, the lower the carbon intensity.

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Select Sector

About Sectors

Carbon emissions are grouped into sectors, each aligned to energy supply, transformation and consumption sectors as follows:

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Emission Factors

About Fuels

Each fuel has a specific carbon intensity. Carbon intensity is the amount of CO2 emitted per unit of energy generated during combustion. Emission factor is the quantity of emissions released during a particular activity such as combustion.

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Emissions Map

About Maps

The Carbon Intensity map shows carbon intensity values for specific countries. Carbon Intensity is a measure of the average amount of CO2 emitted for each MWh of energy produced.

Countries using a high proportion of fuel types with a high CO2 intensity such as coal, will have a higher overall carbon intensity value.

The Emission Rates map shows the total amount of CO2 emitted per year for specific countries.

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Chart

About Charts

The Carbon Emissions charts show the proportion of CO2 emitted arising from fuel consumption. Charts are by sector, country and fuel type.

The Fuel Usage charts show the proportion of fuel consumption by sector, country and fuel type. Fuel usage is measured in ktoe/y (thousand tons of oil equivalent per year).

The Energy Usage charts show the proportion of electricity and heat consumed by sector, country and fuel type. Energy usage is measured in GW (gigawatt).

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Chart

About Price History

The Price History charts shows historical prices per fuel type for a given country.

Trends in the carbon prices of different fuel and/or energy types are modulated by variations in the PAL carbon price derived from PAL Gamma and PAL's NOAA-based real time temperature anomaly.

For the energy-only trends, the prices are further influenced by ever-changing mixture of power sources (gas, nuclear, wind etc.) feeding the grid. The intra-day movement is driven by the weighted average ‘carbon intensity’ of the grid, typically 450 grams CO2/kWh.

At night, when nuclear power makes meets a greater proportion of the load, the carbon intensity falls and the carbon prices go up proportionately. This ensures that the (hypothetical) revenue needed to pay for CO2-induced loss and damage is still forthcoming.

Compare the charts of the UK (a carbon intense grid) with France (a low carbon grid).

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Terms

Disclaimer of warranties and limitation of liability

THIS SITE IS PROVIDED BY PREDICT ABILITY LIMITED (PAL) ON AN "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS. PAL MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE OPERATION OF THIS SITE, OR THE INFORMATION, CONTENT OR MATERIALS INCLUDED ON THIS SITE. YOU EXPRESSLY AGREE THAT YOUR USE OF THIS SITE IS AT YOUR SOLE RISK.

Acknowledgements

Electricity data courtesy of BM Reports and RTE France
Energy charts based on IEA Headline Global Energy Data © IEA 2015; modified by PAL. License.

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Visit our website to find out more about PALcarbon at predictability.ltd.uk
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Copyright © 2015 Predict Ability Limited

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PAL Balance Sheet



Revenue Charts

Revenue by Sector Revenue by Country Revenue by Fuel Type

About Balance Sheet

The PAL Carbon Balance Sheet charts shows total losses attributable to climate change (DR), PAL Carbon revenue (CR), and the balance (DR+CR).

Losses are calculated using the PAL engines ability to fingerprint the proportion of loss events that are attributable to climate change.

Revenue is the carbon price multiplied by annual carbon emissions.

The balance should net to zero, however there may be notional differences due to rounding.

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